An updated version of this popular post, with some revisions for the upcoming September 2018 admissions cycle.
Here is an overview on how the process works and the approximate timelines. As usual, this is specific to Waterloo Engineering admissions; other programs and universities will have their own unique variations. Also, make sure you look through our admissions webpages for exact deadlines and official requirements since this is just an unofficial, quick overview and I can’t cover every detail for every variety of applicant and situation.
First, just note that there are two broad classes of applicants: those who are currently attending a high school in Ontario (we call them “OSS” or “Form 101” applicants), and those who are not (“NOSS” or “Form 105” applicants, which includes people in other provinces and countries, transfer applicants, and those who graduated from high school already). There is no advantage to being one type or the other, it’s just a different internal process because of the way data is provided to us, as explained below. So, here’s the process:
- Decide which of our engineering programs you are most interested in. That will be the one you officially apply to in Step #2. For some people this is a difficult decision. If so, start early and do lots of research on our websites and those of many other universities and professional organizations. Those within reasonable travel distance of Waterloo might want to arrange a visit . Doing some upfront homework and picking a program that matches your interests is critical, because you may not be able to change your mind after May, once all the spaces are filled. In fact, in recent years switching programs has not been possible for most people because our space is too limited.
- Apply to your chosen program through the online OUAC centre. They provide all the necessary instructions on their website. OSS applicants use “OUAC 101” and should apply by mid-January. NOSS applicants use “OUAC 105” and have up to February 1 to apply (moved up from March 1 in previous years, so don’t miss this deadline! We will absolutely not consider late applications.).
- Follow any additional instructions we send by email. Check your spam or junk folder, where our emails sometimes end up. You don’t want to miss anything important! You will get information on how to set up your special online account at Waterloo (called “Quest”), and other things you need to do.
- If you need to meet our English Language Requirements, submit your TOEFL or IELTS or other English test score. We won’t consider you at all if this is missing, no matter how good your grades are. Sometimes we request English test scores even if you are theoretically exempted (we reserve the right to request English tests from any applicant). English proficiency is very important to us, because it can significantly affect your chances at getting co-op jobs.
- Submit your Admission Information Form (AIF). We recommend that you complete the AIF within three weeks of receiving the email from Waterloo confirming your application. If we don’t get your AIF by the March 1st deadline, you may not be considered for an offer. The AIF is your chance to tell us about your interests, awards, extra-curricular activities, employment experience, and any other significant things you want us to know about. You can also tell us what alternate choice engineering program you’d like to be considered for, if your application isn’t competitive enough for your first choice. (As in 2017, we’re only considering one alternate choice.)
- Within a few weeks of applying, applicants will be invited to participate in an optional online video interview process, sort of like a job interview. This will be your chance to let us know more about you and score additional points for your application. This should be completed by March 1 too.
- OSS applicants can sit back and wait (but don’t slack off!). We will eventually get all your grade 11 and 12 marks directly from the school by electronic data transmission. You do not need to decide which grades to send; in fact we get all of your Grade 11 and 12 grades for all courses. We will pick out the grades we need to generate an admission average.
- NOSS applicants will have to upload or send us high school transcripts and predicted grades (if applicable), or university transcripts in the case of transfer applicants. We will start going through this and compiling the grades data we need for decision-making. With thousands of applicants and more than a dozen types of school systems, this is a labourious and time-consuming manual process, so please be patient! If something is confusing or apparently missing, we will contact you for more information.
- We take the grade data and compile an “admission average”. This is the average of the required courses (English, chemistry, physics, math; the exact courses depend on the type of school system). If a required course grade doesn’t exist yet (usually because it will be taken in the next semester), we will use a similar course from an earlier year (for example, for an Ontario school we might use the SCH3U (Chemistry 11) mark if SCH4U (Chemistry 12) is not in progress yet).
- We will review all the AIFs and assign a score of up to 5 points. These points get added to your admission average to generate a score that is used for ranking applicants. There are thousands of AIFs to review, so this takes a while too.
- We compile “adjustment factors” based on our historical student performance data and apply these. The adjustment factor is simply the difference between the admission average and first year engineering average, broken down by school or region. It accounts for differences in performance, and helps us to pick the applicants with the best chances of success in our programs.
- For every applicant, we generate an “admission score”. This is the sum of the admission average + AIF score + adjustment factor + video interview points. If any of the required Grade 12 courses have been repeated, we will usually use the grade from the first attempt. If the first attempt was really bad we will use the second grade but deduct 5 points off the admission score, unless there are extenuating circumstances. We may also make adjustments for unusually high grades in required courses taken outside of a regular day school, such as at summer, night or private school.
- Sometime in early March, we will take all the data we have and start making some admission decisions for OSS (Form 101) applicants. For each program, we rank the applicants by admission score and start making offers to the top ones. We typically aim to fill about 25to 30% of the available spaces at this point. We like to save a lot of spaces for later, to give a chance for those whose 2nd semester grades significantly improve their admission average, and for the NOSS applicant transcripts we are still processing. This is our “early round”. For Form 105 (NOSS) applicants, our first round this year will probably be in late March or early April.
- From March to April we continue processing transcripts and AIFs, and assembling the remaining data for the final round. We are also waiting for the 2nd semester mid-term grades to be uploaded for the OSS applicants, and we review any updated transcripts from NOSS applicants.
- In early May, we do the final selection of applicants based on admission scores, and we fill all the remaining spaces in all the programs. For those who don’t get admitted into their first choice program (the one they officially applied to on OUAC), we will put them into the pool to be considered for their alternate choice program. Offers are posted online as soon as they are available, and mailings go out shortly after. People that don’t get an offer are informed, and we will put them on a waitlist for re-consideration in June if they request it and space is available.
- At the same time, we award the various Engineering entrance scholarships, based on grades and AIF scores. Scholarship awards also go out in May.
- In early June, there is a deadline for accepting the offer and placing a deposit to secure a spot in residence (if desired).
- After the deadline in early June, we check our acceptance numbers. If there are any remaining spaces we will do a few late offers for those on our wait list. Usually there are very few open spaces however.
- All of our admission offers are conditional on maintaining a minimum admission average and certain minimum grades in the required courses, and possibly some other things (the specifics depend on the type of school system and will be explained in the offer letter). In July and August, we get the final grades and transcripts and check that these conditions have been met. In a small number of cases, we have to revoke the offer during those months.
So that’s the process, more or less.
47 thoughts on “Admissions 2018: How it’s going to work”
In point 13 you mentioned that there is space saved for those whose admission average improves significantly over the second semester. Does this mean that the university receives updated transcripts automatically or do students have to send them?
We get automatic updates from the Ontario school system. Others will need to send in new transcripts if they want us to consider new marks.
As a (soon to be) applicant for Software Engineering, is it possible for my alternate choice to be Computer Science, even though its part of the Faculty of Math?
No, we can only consider alternates within the range of Engineering programs. Computer Science is a separate application and decision-making process.
I finished high school last year and am on gap year. As a 105D applicant with all prerequisites completed, will I have an equal chance at early admission compared to 101 applicants? Are there more seats allocated for 101 applicants, or does it not make a difference whether you are 101 or 105D? I completed high school in ontario and am a candian citizen. Since I have all prerequisites completed, and have a 95% average, will I be able to get early admission into ECE?
All Canadians are considered equally, there are no targets or quotas for 101 versus 105D. An early round offer is possible, but it’s not predictable.
What type of admission average would be ideal for an early offer? Could you provide an example using a specific program?
Grade 11 and first semester Grade 12 averages of 100% are ideal for any program. (this question is an example of what we would call a constrained optimization problem in mathematics. The optimal grades approach infinity, but are constrained by an upper limit of 100% for most grading schemes.)
Does AP students in Ontario have perks or primary selctions?
Taking AP courses in math, physics, chemistry or English is a positive factor, and good background.
I’ve heard that they optional video interview is being made mandatory for engineering students. Is this true?
No, it is optional (but recommended).
I am an international student, and for September 2018 I am going to apply to an Engineering program as my first Waterloo choice and an Arts program as my second Waterloo choice. Will the minimum acceptance grade range for me be different from someone who put that Arts program as their first choice?
Thank you in advance!
The Arts and Engineering decisions are done independently and have no effects on each other.
Hi prof, What if an applicants average is low (high 70s) in grade 11 courses and then significantly improves in grade 12 (mid 90s), would the grade 11 average decrease their chances of getting an offer in any way?.
Grade 11 marks generally have no significant effect for the final round of decisions. An early offer is very unlikely.
How plausible is it to get in with an admission average of 89-91? Does the adjustment factor favour Alberta and/or IB students?
See the Chances post, where you’ll see that some in that range do get an offer.
Hello professor, I am currently in the IB program and I was just wondering what physics mark they would use towards my admission average, I’m taking Hl physics and so as a result I have to take physics for three semesters. I took grade 11 physics and I’m currently taking a course called IDC4UH (interdisciplinary studies) this course is just grade 12 physics but because IBs have to take 3 semesters of physics while in Ontario there is only two courses SP3UH and SP4UH, our school uses IDC4UH. I will be taking SP4UH next semester, and the reason why our school does this for all IBs is because in previous years once they finished SP4UH then they wouldn’t try the next semester because they had already gotten into uni because the school told me that the midterm marks of second semester would be looked at for admissions please clarify, thanks.
We use whatever the school reports for SPH4U.
I wanted to know whether or not taking calculus and vectors in night school during the second semester will cause my admission score to be adjusted. The reason I have to take it in night school is that all spaces in school are taken up and there is no guarantee that I will have a spot in class for the second semester, thus to get the MCVU credit I have to take it either in night school or online.
No there is no adjustment unless it’s a repeat.
Is it possible to apply to more than one Engineering program on the 101 application? Specifically, I would like to know if I can apply to Biomedical, Systems, and Nanotechnology?
No, only 1 engineering application is possible.
I applied to Waterloo previously, but was rejected. I will be applying to Waterloo again this year. Will Waterloo have the information I provided on my AIF saved on file, or is this information deleted after a certain time period?
The previous information is accessible to us, but you’ll need to do a new AIF for the application to be considered complete.
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I am currently in the IB program taking HL math, so I will be doing calculus second semester (right now I am doing data management and I have already completed advanced functions). In point 9, you said if we do not have the prerequisite yet, Waterloo will use a similar subject’s mark in its place for the time being. To replace calculus, what would this similar subject be?
Advanced functions grade is used in place of calculus.
Hi Prof. Anderson,
This post was really helpful, thanks for putting this time and effort into making it. Just a question: For early admissions, how many of the required courses do we have to complete by semester 1 of grade 12?
For example, I’m in grade 12 and I have completed the required SPH4U and MHF4U, but I don’t have ENG4U, SCH4U, or MCV4U as of yet (I’m getting those credits in semester 2 of grade 12, since those are my IB HL courses and my school assigned their respective 4U courses to be earned at the end of second semester). I read the part where grade 11 courses will be considered if a grade 12 course is missing at the time of early admission (ex. consider marks from ENG3U if ENG4U isn’t complete at the time of admission), but is it still possible if I’m missing 3 of the required credits?
Thanks for your time!
Usually we won’t commit to an offer unless there are at least 3 of the required grade 12 courses completed.
What is the last date for the AIF to be submitted to be considered for an early offer?
we have no specific date because of uncertain internal timelines. We recommend it be submitted within 3 weeks of applying.
Do you guys take into account the time period that an individual takes to complete their Aif, from the date they first open the AIF application until the date it is completed? Does this have any affect on the scoring of the AIF?
No, we don’t look at that.
If my grade 12 English mark(over 75 under 80) pulls my average a little bit lower, but my IELTS test score is overall 7.5(passed all the minimum scores of separate sections that were required), will my English proficiency test score be considered first in this kind of situation? Or will it helps my average a little bit?? Thank you.
The English grade is used as it is for calculating an admission average. The English proficiency test is a separate issue; you either meet the minimum requirements to be considered for admission. Or if you don’t meet the minimum then you might be considered for the iBASE or BASE programs.
After submitting the OUAC application, when should I expect an acknowledgement email, especially since I have applied during such a busy month? I am asking because I am afraid that I will not have enough time to complete my AIF and to mail in my transcripts from Alberta.
Applicants should get acknowledgements within 2 weeks of applying through OUAC. There should still be plenty of time.
Hi, current U.S. high school student here. I have a dual citizenship in Canada and America. I have heard on other forums that Canadian universities do not look at grades from 9th grade. Is this true? What grades does the University of Waterloo look at? Also, my school grades students in an odd way; we do not receive A+, A, A-, B+, etc… but instead, we only receive A, B, C, etc…
I did really poorly during my freshman year of high school, but know that I can get straight As for the rest of high school. Would I be fine doing this?
I can’t comment for other Canadian universities, but at Waterloo we are generally not concerned with 9th or 10th grade marks. We tend to focus more on Grade 12, or required courses (which could be taken prior to the 12th year). For Waterloo engineering, we will primarily look at pre-calculus, calculus, physics, chemistry, and English course grades. We see a variety of grading systems, and adapt our review to use whatever the school provides.
Hello, I’m in the process of filling out my courses in the AIF, and am confused about the “level” section. I am an Alberta student, so for example, if I took Chemistry 30 AP, would I put “Chemistry 30” in the course name, and then “AP” in the level section, or would I put “Chemistry” and then “30 AP”?
The AIF format is somewhat generic, so just do whatever makes sense to you, and we will figure it out from there. We are very familiar with the Alberta system, as well as dozens of others around the world. If we have questions we will contact you.
Hello Prof. Anderson,
I am a student of the CBSE(Indian Board) studying in Qatar, does the university consider only our projected scores?(since our finals get over on April) Also will a 93% projected score be enough to get in Mechanical? And do we get to know our AIF scores?
Thanks in Advance
We look at projected scores, any past exam scores, and high school grades to get an overall picture. It’s impossible to predict successful admission. No, the AIF scores are not released.
How valuable is work experience for engineering?
Any work experience is a very positive factor, if it’s significant (i.e. more than a week or two).
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