Here’s a nice summary article about aerosol viral transmission, by a mechanical engineering professor. The physics of aerosols is a foundational concept in air pollution control.
Aerosols are the tiny particles of liquid and material that float around in our environment. When they come from an infected person, they may be a significant source of coronavirus transmission.
Source: Coronavirus drifts through the air in microscopic droplets – here’s the science of infectious aerosols